Pediatrics

Additional Surgical Procedure Linked to Better ACL Reconstruction Outcomes

The lateral extra-articular tenodesis (LET) procedure, when performed in conjunction with ACL reconstruction, may reduce young athletes’ risk of graft failure and reinjury, according to a recent clinical trial.


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Surgery Counteracts Effects of Acute Flaccid Myelitis

Young patients with acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) — a subtype of transverse myelitis — regained arm function after undergoing nerve transfer surgery, according to the Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS).

Most patients with AFM...


New Study Explores Association Between Paternal Smoking and Congenital Heart Defects in Babies

Babies born to fathers who smoke are more likely to have congenital heart defects, according to a recently published study.


Winning the Waiting (Room) Game

A certain gloom attaches to waiting rooms. The cheerlessness can be compounded when it’s a medical office waiting room.


Misdiagnosing Pediatric Sleep-Disordered Breathing

An estimated nine out of 10 children with sleep-disordered breathing are undiagnosed, often because physicians attribute symptoms to behavioral issues rather than to common sleep issues such as sleep apnea, according to a recent study in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association (JAOA).


Weighing the Risks and Benefits of Adolescent Bariatric Surgery

New research finds that following bariatric surgery, severely obese adolescents are more likely than their adult counterparts to experience complete remission of key comorbidities.


Obesity During Young Adulthood Linked to Pancreatic Cancer Risk

People with a BMI of 30 or higher have a 20% greater risk of developing pancreatic cancer, according to the American Cancer Society (ACS), and the condition is more common in older adults. But a recent study suggests excess weight in early adulthood may pose more risk than weight gained later in life.


Re-Evaluating Young Adult Cancer Survival in Light of the AIDS Epidemic

From 1975 to 1997, five-year relative cancer survival rates among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) dropped significantly — a fact that researchers now link to HIV- and AIDS-related cancers.


The Burden of Youth: Obesity-Related Cancers on the Rise in Young People

As the obesity crisis continues, more young people face the specter of obesity-related cancers. Incidence rates for six malignancies linked to obesity are rising more sharply in successively younger age groups, according to a recent study, and experts say that could threaten the progress made in the fight against cancer.


Pediatric Profile

Behaviors That affect pediatric health shift alongside changing mores and broader cultural trends. For example, cigarette smoking among youths fell in recent years as tobacco use became less acceptable, and pediatric obesity has risen in the wake of higher rates of adult obesity. The data below underscore the need for fresh clinical approaches and highlight enduring challenges for pediatricians.