That's News

Monday, January 30, 2017

Gender Gap on Infertility Care

Men are less likely than women to seek medical help for infertility, a British study suggests.

Research published in Human Reproduction found that 57.3 percent of women sought help after at least one year of unsuccessful pregnancy attempts. In contrast, 53.2 percent of men sought care.

Researchers conducted a cross-sectional population survey from 2010 to 2012 among more than 15,000 men and women ages 16–74. Infertility was higher among women than among men surveyed: 12.5 percent vs. 10.1 percent.

Among factors associated with greater prevalence of infertility were higher socioeconomic status and later cohabitation. Factors associated with the decision to seek medical help for infertility included a higher level of education and occupations with higher status.

In the U.S., 18 percent of men younger than 45 who saw a fertility specialist were diagnosed with an infertility problem, a CDC study found.

Prostate Cancer Treatment Disparity

Even when they have more aggressive prostate cancer, Hispanic and black men in the U.S. are less likely to be treated than are Caucasian and Asian men, according to research in Urology. That disparity should be addressed, says senior author Willie Underwood III, MD, MPH, MSci, of Roswell Park Cancer Institute, which conducted the study with researchers from Vanderbilt University Medical Center.

Lower rates of treatment were discovered among black and Hispanic men who had a Gleason score of 7 or higher, indicating high-risk prostate cancer. Black men with low- or intermediate-risk disease were also less likely to receive definitive treatment, as were Hispanic men with intermediate-risk prostate cancer. Asian men received treatment at rates similar to those of Caucasian men.

The study evaluated data from about 328,000 men who had localized prostate cancer. Many of the men may have chosen a watchful waiting approach, researchers stated.

Approximately 26,000 American men died of prostate cancer in 2016, according to the American Cancer Society.

Zika May Harm Male Reproductive System

Pregnant women have been the primary focus of warnings regarding the Zika virus because of the danger that their babies will have microcephaly. However, research in Nature finds that male mice infected with Zika had reduced sperm counts and testosterone levels, as well as shrunken testicles.

Additionally, healthy female mice were roughly four times less likely to become pregnant when they mated with infected males than were those that mated with healthy males, according to the study, which was conducted by researchers at Washington University in St. Louis.

In light of the findings, some medical experts have called for monitoring of men who are infected to detect possible patterns of infertility.

Zika-infected men have reported blood in their urine as well as pelvic pain. Mosquito bites transmit the virus.